“Most people consider “Blood Donation” as beneficial for receivers. Though, people are unaware with a fact that Blood Donation is beneficial for Blood Donor too. This blood procedure eliminates body’s extra calories plus balances the iron level in the body. This as well improves Blood System.”
Blood Donation is the best kind of donation. This operation on the other hand helps the ill and injured people. At the same time, this activity helps us or closed ones in our time of need. According to World Health Organization (WHO), if 1% of a country’s population donates blood, it’ll fulfill the blood requirement for all patients of the country. It is vital for everyone to understand that it is ‘Donation of Blood’ which is the prime source for blood. It is a vital requirement and thus the whole system is greatly dependent on it.
Moreover, it can be said that this process can help the donor boost up his/her health, plus refreshes up the blood system within the organs.
Who can be a donor?
Donors are of two types. The first one is someone who donates blood on one’s own free will, such that it can fulfill the need for some needy. This activity or can say selfless donation can be a life saver for
someone. Apart from this, a donor can be a relative or loved one of the needy. This person can directly donate blood without any regulations etc.
However, a person should not donate blood more than ones in three months. Blood banks should keep an eye on such cases. They should not allow such people to donate blood who have not completed their duration.
Characteristics of a donor:
A healthy person ranging between 18-60 years in age can donate blood. At the same time, person’s weight should not be less than 45 kg. The person should not be affected with nasal related health problems, or affected with skin or heart diseases. Also, he/she shouldn’t be attached with two or more partners sexually. As for female, it’s important that she wasn’t pregnant in the last six weeks. At the same time, new mothers who are breast-feeding their infants as well as pregnant women aren’t eligible as donors.
Also people affected with diseases like Dengue, Malaria, Hepatitis B and C, Diabetes or Schizophrenia, people who are continuously losing weight constantly, and those people who are suffering from deadly diseases like Aids and Cancer are prohibited to donate their blood. The tattooed person can donate blood after a gap of 1 year. However, the Hemoglobin level shouldn’t be less than 12.5 gm/dl.
Medical Check-up of the donor:
In order to guarantee the well being of the recipient, medical checkup of the donor is essential. Thus, the medical checkup of age, gender, weight, blood pressure, Hemoglobin and Blood group gets essential. Experts examine for HIV, Malaria viruses, HBSAG, HCV, VDRL, including IDNAT or screening of antibodies such that the patients get healthy and safe blood.
Points to be considered:
However, there are certain additional points which are to be considered by the donor. Prior to the process, it is good to identify that he/she should not have used some kind of tobacco products for past 24-48 hours. The donor should take a plenty of sleep and must eat healthy food.
He/she must not engage in any kind of physical or mental labor just after the blood donation. After the process, in taking of healthy liquid products like juices, water and soups etc are beneficial. Driving of vehicles should be avoided for sometime after the process.
Safety of the Blood acceptor or taker:
World Health Organization (WHO) has presented many policies in reference to blood donation process. However, there are certain developing nations including India where the policy isn’t fully followed. For instance, a blood bank should have a blood testing laboratory; a group of educated/experienced staff and must also has a blood transfusion expert. In the absence of these facilities, there can be a rise in cases of health problems for the donor and receiver, mainly receiver.
Side Effects of Blood Transfusion:
On the other hand, the process of blood transfusion is not 100% safe as for acceptor. The common side effects encountered after the completion of the procedure are fever or a feel of cold. Likewise, many receivers experience skin related problems, breathing problems or even swelling.
Fact is, blood taker’s antibodies fight the tissues of the transfused blood, which creates a feel of nausea in the person. At the same time, it can cause a great rise in heart beats or can even result as Jaundice. A little bit of carelessness can even convert “blood donation”, the reason for Hepatitis or even AIDS.
Advantages of Blood Donation:
This is the best way to eliminate extra iron quantity from the body. Also, it helps burn calories and reduces cholesterol. After blood donation, there is a reduction in blood cells/tissues. As to fill up the vacant space, bone marrow is ordered by the body to create new red blood cells. Eventually, the body generates new cells and the system gets refreshed.
“Some Misconceptions about Blood Transfusion”
Myth: People suffering with high blood pressure can’t donate blood.
Truth: At the time of donating, if the donor’s BP is 160 Systolic and 100 Diastolic, then blood donation is possible.
Myth: Someone has a high Cholesterol level; he/she can’t donate blood.
Truth: If the Cholesterol level can be balanced by in taking medicines, then the blood donation is possible.
Myth: Blood Donation can be contagious.
Truth: The blood containing bags used during and with the process are very much safe. The needle attached to the bag can be used only ones. Thus the chances of transition is minimal or can say negligible.