There are a few living things that you desire to get rid of as soon as you find them. They are little in size, can be winged or non-winged and most importantly are associated with sickness and death. These little infection carriers are Maggots. Well, maggot is a term commonly used for flies which are in the larval stage of development. The fact which makes them more dangerous is that they are often seen as feeding on the flesh of their host. Botflies, Jiggers and Mango Worms are top in the danger list. In the article we’ll be discussing about Botflies.
What makes Botflies so dangerous?
Botflies, blowflies and flesh flies belong to a family of winged insects known for infesting their larvae inside the bodies of mammals like horses, deer and sometimes humans. The fly is found in the parts of Central America and South America. Similar to other flies, botflies live incredibly short lives and lay a few eggs during this period of time. Thus, they are very cautious with the placement of the eggs.
Skin provides shelter and food for the maggot as these remain burrowed inside the host skin. They have a special mouth organ to burrow in the host’s skin as well have a breathing organ at the rear part. The organ helps it to breathe inside the host skin.
Botflies’ incredible way of laying eggs:
The botfly is comparatively large fly and thus it finds difficult in placing its eggs on a person. As to solve the problem, the female botfly tracks down other insects like mosquitoes or ticks and attach their fertilized eggs to them. Then after, it releases the mosquito or the other insect. Soon after, the insect goes on its way looking for a host to drink blood.
The eggs remain inactive until the host insect comes in contact with a larger, warm blooded host like an animal or human. The body heat of the mammal causes the eggs to hatch. The maggots pop out of their eggs, burrow into the host’s skin, and attach themselves to their flesh using a series of barbs that make them more or less impossible to get out.
Parasite living inside the host:
The growing larva lives under the host’s skin and leeches life out of its bloodstream. Consequently, large bumps develop at the place where the insect is burrowed. The bumps secrete pus and blood continuously as the maggot needs space for breathing.
It is as the conditions weren’t terrible enough, people unlucky enough to be the host for botfly larvae can at times sense the parasite inside of themselves. Furthermore, they can witness it wriggling around though an opening in the bump that the bug uses to breathe. This may be the cause for the condition of Myiasis, which is the disease in which maggots eat the living or necrotic tissue of the host animal.
In the skin or eye the larva grows up to somewhat large size over a period of a couple of months. When fully grown, the larva comes out from the tissue and drops to the ground where it becomes an adult fly and the cycle repeats.
How to get rid of the Botfly maggot?
The most efficient method to treat botfly infestation is to eliminate the larva. It can be done by cutting off its air supply (using Vaseline, tape, etc.). It makes the larva come out of the hole to some extent. Then, it can be pulled out with the help of tweezers. They can be hard to eliminate since they have backward facing barbs that locks it in the hole. A few people choose to let the larva grow and come out naturally.
On the other hand, surgery in not essential most of the times unless the larva dies in the tissue and cannot be removed. The utilization of insect repellent and protective clothing to avoid mosquito bites can as well help avoid infestation.
Note: It is important that you make a note that the adult flies are not parasitic. However, a big addition in the amount of flies in an area may well be dangerous. It indicates as if the population of livestock or people can be hit repeatedly by maggot infestations. This isn’t at all good news for anyone. Furthermore, it can economically be the cause for the wastage of a large amount of money.