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Diabetes: A Comprehensive Guide on Diabetes Mellitus 

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic medical condition that impedes the ability of the body to produce blood glucose. Blood glucose is the primary source of energy. It is generated from the consumed food. Insulin is a hormone, wherein glucose is injected into the cells to boost energy.

Type 1 diabetes prevents the production of insulin. While type 2 diabetes does not generate or take advantage of insulin. Owing to the inadequate quantity of insulin, glucose remains intact in the body. This could lead to serious health issues.

Diabetes Prevents The Production Of Insulin

Even though there are no remedies to alleviate symptoms of diabetes, certain steps are available for Diabetics to manage the problem and stay healthy.

Some of the various types of diabetes are mentioned below:

TYPE 1 DIABETES:

Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body fails to produce insulin. It means that you require frequent insulin injections to stabilize blood glucose levels and keep the problem under control. It is commonly found in both children and adults.

Various researches conducted to track the risk factors associated with Type 1 indicate the chances of developing this serious disease might be due to external factors and constant exposure to viral infections.

Type 1 Diabetes- Commonly Found Amongst Children And Adults
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES
  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling thirsty
  • Incessant urination
  • An unexpected loss of weight
  • Lethargic
  • Poor eyesight

TYPE 2 DIABETES:

Those people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes encounters high blood pressure, excess weight, and lack of nutrition at the time of pregnancy. It is heralded as one of the common types of diabetes that is responsible for the majority of cases.

It is a medical condition in which there is a rise in blood glucose levels. Thus, the cells present in our body fail to respond and act accordingly.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

GESTATIONAL DIABETES:

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed in pregnant women. It is a condition in which the body is impervious to insulin. However, this type of problem gradually fades away soon after a baby is born.
The chances of developing type 2 diabetes are higher in the long run. Especially for people who have undergone Gestational Diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

MONOGENIC DIABETES

External factors like obesity or excess weight contribute to the rise of monogenic diabetes. A Monogenic type of Diabetes is inherited from ancestral genes. The concerned physicians would initially examine in detail the cause of the polygenic type of diabetes by performing a blood sugar test (blood glucose test). Genes offer a step-by-step guide on producing proteins within a cell. Protein does not function effectively if there are alterations in genes.

What are the Symptoms and Causes:

Some of the signs and symptoms are as follows:

  • Enhanced thirst, hunger, and urination
  • Lethargic
  • Poor eyesight
  • Skin irritation
  • An unexpected loss of weight

What are the primary causes of Type 1 Diabetes?

One of the factors behind the causes of Type 1 diabetes is that our immune system destroys insulin-producing beta cells present in the pancreas. Scientists hold the view that genes and external factors like viruses contribute to the development of type 1.

What Primary Causes leads to Type 2 Diabetes

Poor lifestyle and genes are the major cause of the rise in Type 2 Diabetes. The possibility of developing this type of problem is the absence of being physically active, obese, and excess weight. Overweight or additional belly fat is associated with insulin resistance, heart diseases, and blood vessel diseases.

Causes of Gestational diabetes

Hormonal alterations coupled with poor lifestyle and genetic factors lead to gestational diabetes. It occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce adequate insulin. Hormones that are generated by the placenta are held responsible for insulin resistance.

This condition is common among pregnant women. Whereas, some women have the capacity to produce insulin to prevail over insulin resistance while some fail to do so.

Causes of Monogenic diabetes

Alterations in a single gene and mutations contribute to the development of monogenic diabetes. It is often inherited from ancestral genes that prevent the pancreas from producing insulin. Neonatal diabetes and maturity-onset diabetes of the young are some of the common types of monogenic diabetes.

What’s the Cure?

As per the research, there are no suitable remedies available to alleviate type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, incorporating certain changes in your daily regime would provide some respite from the suffering.

Diabetes Management:

Natural therapies like guided imagery, and muscle relaxation techniques are crucial in managing this chronic disease. If you are a Diabetics, you have to pay close attention prior to the consumption of supplements as some appear to be counterproductive. Therefore, it is imperative to consult a physician before taking supplements.

  • You can keep Blood sugar levels in control by checking at regular intervals. Ensure that you take medicines and balance your meals.  Also, you must encourage a regular exercise schedule, meditation, and getting adequate sleep.
  • Formulate a diabetic eating plan by carrying healthy snacks.
  • Engage in a regular workout. It helps you to stay physically fit & active. It is also helpful in burning calories and stabilizes blood glucose levels as well.
  • Stick to a healthy weight in order to successfully manage the problem.
Exercise Is Important With A Healthy Diet Plan And Treatment

How to prevent Diabetes?

Some of the best ways to prevent the disease are as follows:

  • CUT BACK INTAKE OF SUGARY FOODS AS WELL AS REFINED CARBS:-

Constant consumption of foods rich in sugar and refined carbs can be bad for your health. It increases the risk of type 1 and 2 diabetes. Our body breaks down food particles into tiny sugar molecules. The blood absorbs the tiny molecules of the food and carries it to every part of the body. A significant rise in blood sugar triggers the pancreas to generate insulin. It is a type of hormone that guides sugar to leave the bloodstream and proceed toward the body cells.

  • ENGAGE IN REGULAR EXERCISE:-

Diabetics should engage themselves in some exercises for diabetes as these can be one of the best-suggested activities to prevent the problem. Physical activity helps in regaining the insulin sensitivity of cells. As a result, the body will take less insulin to manage the blood sugar level.

For example, aerobic exercise, weight-lifting, and strength training are some of the recommended techniques to evade this chronic disease. A recent study disclosed that engaging in exercise helps burn excess calories.

  • REPLACE AERATED DRINKS WITH WATER:-

Water is a natural beverage that has multiple health benefits. Research has found that a constant intake of water improves insulin response. Thus, it manages the blood sugar level. You need to avoid beverages with a huge quantity of sugar, ingredients, and preservatives. These kinds of beverages can be the reason for the development of type 2 diabetes.

  • SHEDDING EXCESS WEIGHT:-

People struggling to cope with prediabetes need to keep a check on their weight. They may possibly have gained additional weight at the midsection and in abdominal organs like the liver. It’s visceral fat and it triggers insulin resistance and inflammation thereby leading to the problem. Some of the suggested options to lose excess weight are to resort to low-carb, Mediterranean, and vegetable diets.

  • REFRAIN FROM SMOKING HABITS:-

Smoking is one major cause of the development of chronic ailments. As a Diabetics, you may well be aware of this fact. Problems such as heart diseases, digestive tract problems, cancer, prostate, and emphysema can affect you. The list is not complete. Smoking habits are the reason for many other health problems. You need to leave this habit as it may well lead you to DEATH.

  • STICK TO A LOW-CARB DIET:-

Diabetics have to focus on a low-carb diet and consequently, they can reduce the risk of the disease. Try to manage blood sugar and keep insulin levels under check. Thus, one must consume a maximum quantity of ketogenic or low-carbohydrate diets.

Managing type 1 and 2 Diabetes with Ayurveda

Today, many people around the globe are struggling with diabetes mellitus. As a solution, they are switching over to Ayurvedic treatments to successfully manage this chronic disease. A unique combination of Shardunika, Kutki, Punarnava, and Guduchi is helpful in keeping health issues at bay. Experts recommend taking half a teaspoon thrice a day containing warm water. Now let us discuss some of the feasible remedies to the problem.

  • Place one cup of water in a copper vessel and drink it in the early morning.
  • Replace dairy products, sweets, and carbohydrates with fresh vegetables and herbs.
  • Include turmeric in your daily diet to control your blood sugar level.

One tablespoon of aloe vera gel combined with a half teaspoon of ground bay leaf and turmeric is helpful in regulating blood sugar levels. Experts suggest taking it twice a day prior to lunch and dinner.