Category Archives: Children

Playing Regularly! How Does It Affect Your Body & Health?

“For good health, playing regularly, both indoor & outdoor games are essential. When it comes to playing, why not play those games which impart the benefits of total workout…”

Don’t you want to be fit?

There are two levels of fitness i.e. Mental and Physical. To achieve the fitness goal at both levels, you should work on your indoor & outdoor activities. It is the time of technology. Services like the Internet and electronic devices like computers, Mobiles, and Television rule the world. The importance of outdoor chores gets maximum as the use of above stated electronic devices has decreased a person’s physical activity level.


At present, the significance of outdoor games for a body has boosted up to the max. There are many good outdoor games, suitable for people of all age groups. In addition, they all provide the benefits of exercise and mental liveliness. Yet, there are certain games that are listed by experts in the category of “Absolute Fitness providing Games”.

Games and Health:

Swimming, Squash, Badminton, Table Tennis, and Cricket are some games that impart the body with multiple benefits. For many, considering swimming as a complete game wouldn’t be easy, yet it has its advantages. The procedure followed with swimming consists of certain body movements. The actions combine and nearly everybody’s muscle works out in the process.

At the same time, swimming is essential for getting rid of excessive body stress. Regularly swimming strengthens the muscular system of a person. As well it helps with weight management.

Few outdoor games that you should be playing regularly:

Squash is an outdoor game, played with a rubber ball. In this, the ball is repeatedly struck on the game court wall with the help of a racket. This practice looks much like tennis, in our case wall is the opponent. The movements created by your repeated actions in the process help you keep your body fit.

Cricket is a renowned outdoor game. The game is a health and fitness provider. Also, there is a feeling of teamwork generated in the person which helps him/her in the long run. The game holds some good points when we talk about mental health too.

Lastly, table tennis and badminton are the other two games which can offer you some first-rate and fruitful results. In games like these two, people used to run, jump, etc at a faster rate and repetitively. Thus, the brain enthusiastically participates in the performed operations. In a nutshell, playing regularly can surely work as a secret mantra for you and your’s families’ healthy life.

No to diseases:

Playing games improves one’s health. This is a fact and including a few or even one game in life can be health rewarding. The games improve our physical health as well as mental health. It helps someone maintain his/her mental stability and improves memory. Playing keeps a lot of diseases away as it helps someone stay energetic and lively.

Playing regularly can reduce your chances of getting any kind of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, etc. As an advantage, it keeps the person healthy and mentally fit too. Regularly playing games can be pretty helpful against Anxiety, depression, and many other psychological disorders.

Additional Benefits:

This improves the volume of social contacts of the person, resulting in his/her good reputation. Playing regular indoor & outdoor games can help you check your Social health. Playing regularly enhances a sense of leadership within the person. The spirit of winning helps him/her gain a lot in various streams of his/her life.

Why Is W-Sitting Position Bad In Your Child’s Development?

Have you ever observed your kid sitting in the ‘W’ Position while he/she is watching television or playing with their favorite toys? This is the W-Sitting Position in which the kid sits on his/her bottom with both knees bent & legs turned out away from their body.

If you have noticed your child sitting in the position, you ought to be worried as it might cause them a lifetime of pain. Even though this posture is their preferred position, they must be encouraged into other ways of sitting.

W-Sitting Posture Of Kids While Watching Television Or Playing With Toys

Again, W-sitting is not suggested for anyone. Many growing children do use this position during play; however, every parent should stay conscious if excessive use of this position by their kid during the growing years can lead him/her to future orthopedic troubles.

To Begin With –

What Actually Is The W-Sitting Position?

As stated earlier in the topic, W-Sitting is a position in which children sit on their bottom with their knees bent, feet tucked under and their legs stretched out to the side. This is a regular sitting position since children feel safe and balanced in the position.

What Is W-Sitting Posture?

Though, parents aren’t aware of the dangers of the sitting posture when they let their children sit in the position for too long. If you try to look at your child from above their head, his/her legs will be creating the shape of the letter “W.”

Why Do Some Children Prefer Sitting Like This?

You must understand that numerous children, prefer this position for sitting and finds it comfortable. They sit in that position without even thinking about it. In most cases, kids sitting in this position are doing so to compensate for weaknesses they may have in their hips and body. In this position, they find themselves in a stable form and sense comfort while playing with toys in an upright sitting position without worrying about falling over.

It is frequent and usual for kids to get in & out of this position while playing on the floor. An actual problem arises when the kid sits in that manner for an extensive time period. As a parent, it is important for you to recognize the condition and keep an eye on your child.

  • The position restricts the core strength since it gives the kids a wider base of support. Since they don’t have to use their abdominal or back muscles in this posture, kids prefer it to be trickier, and tiring like with legs in front, sideways, or crisscrossed.
  • W-sitting causes muscle tightness, mainly in the legs & hips but as well in the knees and ankles.
  • When the kid sits in the W Position, he/she fails to turn around their upper body. Then again, the kid finds it difficult to reach across the body and do tasks that involve both hands. It can certainly affect their capability to perform writing skills & other significant activities that are essential during their school time, and later in their life.
  • W Sitting obstructs the development of a hand liking. The child is compelled to use objects on the right side of the body using the right hand and those on the left side of the body with the left hand. This might lead to coordination difficulties later on in their life.
  • W-Sitting makes it tricky for the child to transfer their weight from one side of their body to the other. The capability to shift weight from one side of the body to the other is particularly important in standing stable and developing the ability to run and jump.
  • W Sitting position doesn’t allow your child to develop strong trunk muscles. In this posture, the child’s trunk muscles do not have to work as hard to keep them straight, instead, they rely on the wide base of support of their legs and joint structures to keep them vertical.
Posture Can Lead The Kid To Orthopedic Problems & Rotational Deformities

What Are The Harmful Outcomes Of The W-Sitting Position?

The harmful effects of “W-Sitting” are:

  • The extensive use of this posture can lead the kid to Orthopedic Problems in the future.
  • It can as well delay the development of postural control and stability.
  • It can delay the development of refined motor skills.

These are the crucial reasons why you should check your kid sitting in this position. Moreover, this posture is strongly discouraged. Definitely, you want your children to grow tough and healthy. Believe me; this type of sitting posture prevents that. As well, it puts needless tension on the body.

Legs Deformity In Kids Due To W Sitting Posture

Exclusive “W-Sitting” Puts excessive pressure On:

  • The Hip Abductors
  • Hamstrings
  • Internal Rotators
  • Heel Cords

Dislocation is easy & frequent with children who usually sit in this position. As well, sitting in this position leads to shortened or tightened muscles. This can have an effect on the development of motor skills, stability, and coordination.

What Can Be Done To Prevent The W-Sitting Position?

If you spot your child using the W Sitting posture when playing, you should take some necessary steps. Don’t just forbid them to sit in the position only. Instead, it would be a good idea for you to suggest to him/her certain other ways to sit:

  • Long sitting
  • Side sitting
  • Criss-Cross or Tailor sitting
  • Sitting on a small bench

These different positions will allow your child to employ both hands at the very time on both sides of the body. Additionally, these sitting positions can help them shift their weight from side to side conveniently. You should encourage your child to use their back and abdominal muscles to retain the vertical sitting position.

How To Stop Kids Use The W-Sitting Position?

For sure, your child may experience trouble with the correction when you forbade them to sit in the position. Though, it is significant that you consistently make this correction when you see your child sitting in this manner, as it can affect their growth and development.

Feel free to consult your child’s therapist. Ask him/her any question you may have about your child’s W-sitting issue.

Cleanliness And Hygiene: Importance of Personal Hygiene in Life

“Doesn’t matter if we are talking about our personal hygiene or about the hygiene of our house, Cleanliness or Hygiene is a must for us all? It is because the habit of cleanliness or hygiene helps you stay strong against Infections. As an encouraging effect, you remain positive plus you observe a beneficial change in your personality.”
Hygiene or cleanliness is one subject that is directly related to our health. Personal hygiene directly affects your personality. More like the food you eat, clothes you wear and sound sleep has an effect on your body, cleanliness has its effect too. Cleanliness and Hygiene are essential for you as well. The following points can make you understand the truth in a better way.

Effect of cleanliness & hygiene on personality:

Our self-confidence helps us to fight every situation in our life. Thus, you will agree when I say positive Self Confidence is needed by us in every phase of our life. Personal Hygiene is a lot helpful with your confidence. If you follow a hygienic and pure life, you will observe a change in your personality. Your habit of cleanliness helps you improve your social status and people respect you.

Lack of Cleanliness & hygiene reduces Self Confidence

For instance, you have a taste for designer clothes as well as you wear all rich clothes. While on the other hand, you have unclean hair, nail, and foot. Do you think your clothes will impart any positive effect on the people around you? I don’t think so and you may agree too. Untidiness in your physical appearance may definitely spoil your personality. The charm of your clothes will die out. Clearly speaking none spends their valuable time with dirty and infected people.

Don’t risk your health: Your life matters

People living in dirty and unclean places appear to be unhealthy & infected. Then again, if you really want to escape the related infections or diseases, you must work on your cleanliness and hygiene. It is important that you keep your personal hygiene as well as your surroundings clean. This kind of habit is significant if you want to maintain your health. Furthermore, it helps you improve your body’s immunity.

Work On Your Personal Hygiene And Keep Your Surrounding Clean

Diseases like Cholera, Typhoid, Diarrhea Dysentery, etc are caused due to person’s unhygienic behavior. Thus, it’s better for everyone to stay alert and adopt the habit of cleanliness. You should encourage people around you with healthy activities like washing hands with soap before & after eating, cleaning hair and nails by cutting them regularly as well as rinsing the mouth properly with water, equally brushing your teeth. Likewise, you can avoid many diseases if you take care of your personal hygiene.

Why you should care about Physical cleanliness or Personal Hygiene?

In a world where everyone is running for some or the other thing, you cannot stay behind. You need to go out of your nest and face the hardships of the world. It is necessary and you can’t avoid it, since working with the outer world makes you capable to meet your daily necessities.

The question is- What’s your plan against the germs and infections produced by them?

The most accurate solution to the problem is ‘Bathing’. Bathing is the most effective method to keep your body clean. It is also your best defense against the army of germs that you face every day when you go out. On the contrary, end where you are not taking bath every day, you are surely risking your health. It is as if you are writing a formal invitation for disease. Then again, brushing twice a day with good toothpaste is important. You should as well use a good quality anti-bacterial mouthwash to rinse up your mouth.

Bathing Most Effective Method To Keep Your Body Clean

Other than the above points, it is important for parents to motivate their kids to hygiene. They should grow a couple of good habits in them. For instance, they should wash their hands before/after lunch or dinner, as well as should wash their hands properly after using the washroom. Some people lack the habit of washing their hands every now and then. They forget to wash their hands after using the washroom. Furthermore, they take their food with dirty hands. Believe me or not, this habit can make them very-very ill. On top of that, this bad habit can at times be a cause of a person’s death.

Situations where the habit of hand washing really pays off:

There are various situations in our daily life where cleanliness & hygiene matters most. For instance, if you are going to cook then it’s necessary for you to wash your hands with soap, prior to touching anything there in the kitchen. Besides this activity, you should wash your hands properly after using the washroom, after sneezing or coughing, and after touching the garbage or garbage bin.

Wash Your Hands Properly After Using Washroom, After Sneezing Or Coughing

It is important that you take a sanitizer with you. In places where you could not find soap & water, use the sanitizer on your hands. On your trips, use a sealed pack of mineral water else you can get ill. The unpacked polluted water can affect your health; in addition, you may get affected with one or the other disease. Similarly, use clean water for washing fruits and other vegetables.

Learn about the Psychological advantages associated with cleanliness & hygiene:

The person who cares for his/her cleanliness senses more internal confidence. Especially, these people are comfortable solving their social problems and can handle harsh situations perfectly. As a result, their prospects of success at their workplace or in other places grow a lot. Thus, adopting one or two healthy habits may well help you feel better and for sure help you avoid diseases.

Cleanliness & Hygiene Such As Washing Hands, Cleaning Hair And Brushing Teeth

Some of the personal habits related to cleanliness & hygiene such as washing hands, cleaning hair and brushing teeth, etc destroy the diseases causing bacteria. The habit provides physical benefits to the body as well as provides mental benefits too.

Diabetes: A Comprehensive Guide on Diabetes Mellitus 

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic medical condition that impedes the ability of the body to produce blood glucose. Blood glucose is the primary source of energy. It is generated from the consumed food. Insulin is a hormone, wherein glucose is injected into the cells to boost energy.

Type 1 diabetes prevents the production of insulin. While type 2 diabetes does not generate or take advantage of insulin. Owing to the inadequate quantity of insulin, glucose remains intact in the body. This could lead to serious health issues.

Diabetes Prevents The Production Of Insulin

Even though there are no remedies to alleviate symptoms of diabetes, certain steps are available for Diabetics to manage the problem and stay healthy.

Some of the various types of diabetes are mentioned below:


Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body fails to produce insulin. It means that you require frequent insulin injections to stabilize blood glucose levels and keep the problem under control. It is commonly found in both children and adults.

Various researches conducted to track the risk factors associated with Type 1 indicate the chances of developing this serious disease might be due to external factors and constant exposure to viral infections.

Type 1 Diabetes- Commonly Found Amongst Children And Adults
  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling thirsty
  • Incessant urination
  • An unexpected loss of weight
  • Lethargic
  • Poor eyesight


Those people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes encounters high blood pressure, excess weight, and lack of nutrition at the time of pregnancy. It is heralded as one of the common types of diabetes that is responsible for the majority of cases.

It is a medical condition in which there is a rise in blood glucose levels. Thus, the cells present in our body fail to respond and act accordingly.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


Gestational diabetes is diagnosed in pregnant women. It is a condition in which the body is impervious to insulin. However, this type of problem gradually fades away soon after a baby is born.
The chances of developing type 2 diabetes are higher in the long run. Especially for people who have undergone Gestational Diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes


External factors like obesity or excess weight contribute to the rise of monogenic diabetes. A Monogenic type of Diabetes is inherited from ancestral genes. The concerned physicians would initially examine in detail the cause of the polygenic type of diabetes by performing a blood sugar test (blood glucose test). Genes offer a step-by-step guide on producing proteins within a cell. Protein does not function effectively if there are alterations in genes.

What are the Symptoms and Causes:

Some of the signs and symptoms are as follows:

  • Enhanced thirst, hunger, and urination
  • Lethargic
  • Poor eyesight
  • Skin irritation
  • An unexpected loss of weight

What are the primary causes of Type 1 Diabetes?

One of the factors behind the causes of Type 1 diabetes is that our immune system destroys insulin-producing beta cells present in the pancreas. Scientists hold the view that genes and external factors like viruses contribute to the development of type 1.

What Primary Causes leads to Type 2 Diabetes

Poor lifestyle and genes are the major cause of the rise in Type 2 Diabetes. The possibility of developing this type of problem is the absence of being physically active, obese, and excess weight. Overweight or additional belly fat is associated with insulin resistance, heart diseases, and blood vessel diseases.

Causes of Gestational diabetes

Hormonal alterations coupled with poor lifestyle and genetic factors lead to gestational diabetes. It occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce adequate insulin. Hormones that are generated by the placenta are held responsible for insulin resistance.

This condition is common among pregnant women. Whereas, some women have the capacity to produce insulin to prevail over insulin resistance while some fail to do so.

Causes of Monogenic diabetes

Alterations in a single gene and mutations contribute to the development of monogenic diabetes. It is often inherited from ancestral genes that prevent the pancreas from producing insulin. Neonatal diabetes and maturity-onset diabetes of the young are some of the common types of monogenic diabetes.

What’s the Cure?

As per the research, there are no suitable remedies available to alleviate type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, incorporating certain changes in your daily regime would provide some respite from the suffering.

Diabetes Management:

Natural therapies like guided imagery, and muscle relaxation techniques are crucial in managing this chronic disease. If you are a Diabetics, you have to pay close attention prior to the consumption of supplements as some appear to be counterproductive. Therefore, it is imperative to consult a physician before taking supplements.

  • You can keep Blood sugar levels in control by checking at regular intervals. Ensure that you take medicines and balance your meals.  Also, you must encourage a regular exercise schedule, meditation, and getting adequate sleep.
  • Formulate a diabetic eating plan by carrying healthy snacks.
  • Engage in a regular workout. It helps you to stay physically fit & active. It is also helpful in burning calories and stabilizes blood glucose levels as well.
  • Stick to a healthy weight in order to successfully manage the problem.
Exercise Is Important With A Healthy Diet Plan And Treatment

How to prevent Diabetes?

Some of the best ways to prevent the disease are as follows:


Constant consumption of foods rich in sugar and refined carbs can be bad for your health. It increases the risk of type 1 and 2 diabetes. Our body breaks down food particles into tiny sugar molecules. The blood absorbs the tiny molecules of the food and carries it to every part of the body. A significant rise in blood sugar triggers the pancreas to generate insulin. It is a type of hormone that guides sugar to leave the bloodstream and proceed toward the body cells.


Diabetics should engage themselves in some exercises for diabetes as these can be one of the best-suggested activities to prevent the problem. Physical activity helps in regaining the insulin sensitivity of cells. As a result, the body will take less insulin to manage the blood sugar level.

For example, aerobic exercise, weight-lifting, and strength training are some of the recommended techniques to evade this chronic disease. A recent study disclosed that engaging in exercise helps burn excess calories.


Water is a natural beverage that has multiple health benefits. Research has found that a constant intake of water improves insulin response. Thus, it manages the blood sugar level. You need to avoid beverages with a huge quantity of sugar, ingredients, and preservatives. These kinds of beverages can be the reason for the development of type 2 diabetes.


People struggling to cope with prediabetes need to keep a check on their weight. They may possibly have gained additional weight at the midsection and in abdominal organs like the liver. It’s visceral fat and it triggers insulin resistance and inflammation thereby leading to the problem. Some of the suggested options to lose excess weight are to resort to low-carb, Mediterranean, and vegetable diets.


Smoking is one major cause of the development of chronic ailments. As a Diabetics, you may well be aware of this fact. Problems such as heart diseases, digestive tract problems, cancer, prostate, and emphysema can affect you. The list is not complete. Smoking habits are the reason for many other health problems. You need to leave this habit as it may well lead you to DEATH.


Diabetics have to focus on a low-carb diet and consequently, they can reduce the risk of the disease. Try to manage blood sugar and keep insulin levels under check. Thus, one must consume a maximum quantity of ketogenic or low-carbohydrate diets.

Managing type 1 and 2 Diabetes with Ayurveda

Today, many people around the globe are struggling with diabetes mellitus. As a solution, they are switching over to Ayurvedic treatments to successfully manage this chronic disease. A unique combination of Shardunika, Kutki, Punarnava, and Guduchi is helpful in keeping health issues at bay. Experts recommend taking half a teaspoon thrice a day containing warm water. Now let us discuss some of the feasible remedies to the problem.

  • Place one cup of water in a copper vessel and drink it in the early morning.
  • Replace dairy products, sweets, and carbohydrates with fresh vegetables and herbs.
  • Include turmeric in your daily diet to control your blood sugar level.

One tablespoon of aloe vera gel combined with a half teaspoon of ground bay leaf and turmeric is helpful in regulating blood sugar levels. Experts suggest taking it twice a day prior to lunch and dinner.

Puberty – How to Support Your Girl or speak with her about Her Changing Body?

Puberty – Prepare your daughter for this period of time

Your little princess is growing up and is stepping into her teenage years. She is aging and is on the path to become a young woman, leaving her childhood years behind. This is a phase in her life where the girl experiences a lot of changes in her body as she is stepping into puberty.

Puberty- speak with her about Her Changing Body

You can observe the signs and as a mother wishes to prepare her for this period of time. Then again, you don’t feel comfortable about the idea of talking with her on the topic. Furthermore, you aren’t definite as if what to say or how to start the conversation.

During this phase, she requires mental help from her parent, especially her mother. Thus, if you are committed to help her in any way, guide her well, you’ll surely make her lose a lot of mental tension. Consequently, her teenage years will pass on smoothly and cheerfully.

A significant phase in girl’s life:

puberty – significant phase in girl’s life

As indicated in the previous lines, Puberty is another important phase in a girl’s life which can’t be prevented. Thus, its better you make yourself prepared for the moment.

Again, this is a period of time when your girl starts to mature physically and mentally. She adds nearly 25% in her height; her bones start to get stronger by 40% to 45% as well as her reproductive glands fully develop during this period of time.

Obviously, puberty is like a foundation for a healthy life. As a result, problems irrespective of the strength can produce health problems for her in the longer run. The hormonal changes affect her mentally and give rise to unnecessary irritation. As well, she may possibly starts to lose her concentration.

On the other hand, this is the time when she has to work hard on her studies and build a good career for her. Some researches indicate as if problems during puberty can negatively affect the girl’s performance.

As a result, she might fail to carry out certain important tasks in the best possible way. Consequently, it becomes important for you mothers to pay attention and take care of your daughters, help them especially during this period of time.

What actually is Puberty?

Puberty is phase of life which starts nearly in the 10th year of every child and continues for the next 4-5 years. In the initial years, you can observe the first symptom of puberty in your girl which is the development of chest. As well as, the girl’s height increases significantly in this period of time.

What actually is Puberty

More or less, two years after the development of the chest, menstruation begins in the girls. In the initial two years due to immaturity, the menstruation may be irregular. Though, there is nothing to worry about, as the process is natural. You should help your daughter understand the significance of the process as well as help her release the unnecessary tension. On the other hand, girls add somewhat 5 cm to 8 cm in their height during this time period.
The time period between 12 years to 18 years is quite significant as most of the bones in the body develop and gains strength during these years. You must understand that the lack of proper development of bones in these years can be an important reason behind Osteoporosis (weakness in bones) in her future years.

How to speak with her about her changing body?

You need to make your daughter aware with facts related to puberty such that she could handle the physical & mental changes in a better way. It’s your responsibility as a parent that you make your daughter realize the usual importance of puberty, moreover help her release stress in those years. If you can manage short talking sessions with her, she’ll soon lose her fear and would be less hesitant in telling you her problems.

how to speak with her about her changing body

Again, you have to keep an eye on her height. There is a normal increase of nearly 20 cm in height after the breast development as well as nearly 5 cm after menstruation. You need to encourage her do a number of physical activities regularly and have food items containing good amount of Calcium, Vitamin D etc. It is necessary for them to do physical activity for 30-45 minutes per day. Along with that you should give them a glass of milk twice every day as to make their bones strong.

As these years are a bit complicated for them as they are dealing with unexpected bodily changes and problems, they require your mental support. You ought to give her enough of your time daily. As well you have to handle her irritated behavior with love and avoid scolding her every now and then.

Situations of concern and when to worry:

There is always a corner for concern if signs of puberty emerge prior to the natural age or doesn’t appear long after the natural age. You should be worried if the development of chest is prior to the age of 8 as well as menstruation period starts before age 10. You should contact a specialist as this can be a situation for concern or an alarm for a health problem. Likewise, no signs of puberty till age 14 can be as well a reason for concern or alarm for a health problem.

Situations of concern and when to worry

As stated in one of the above paragraphs, the menstruation may possibly be irregular in the initial two years. However, you ought to be concerned if it continues after the stated period of time. A slight pain is common in menstruation, but too much pain which is obstructing her perform school and daily activities in a normal way, can be a cause for serious health problem.

In the same way, insufficient increase in height before the start of menstruation indicates she would not add much height in future too. Along with this, she may possibly get numerous hairs on her face or may face the problem of extra discharge of blood during periods or deal with the problem of pimples and hair loss every now. These health problems are the reason of hormonal diseases.

What must be done if problems continue?

The health problems related to puberty ought to be addressed as soon as possible. You must approach a specialist doctor with your daughter in a number of cases. For instance, if the physical development of the reproductive organs starts prior to the age of 8 or doesn’t start till age 14. Again, if she experiences great pain during menstruation or dealing with unwanted facial hair. You have to share these conditions with the doctor on the urgent basis.

Your awareness towards the subject as well as precautionary behavior can help her overcome the problems in the most efficient way. This is the time when you should give your girl a lot of support and love, so that she can easily get out of this difficult period. With these small steps taken at the time of Puberty, you can create a successful and healthy future for your girl.

Meet a doctor with your daughter for puberty issues
Some Points to Remember:
  1. Try to keep her calm and help her release tension or stress.
  2. Talk to her openly on the puberty related topics. She will at times share her problems with you.
  3. Encourage her to participate in a number of physical activities.
  4. Add milk and green vegetables in diet.
  5. Contact a doctor whenever necessary.
  1. Never avoid the problems related to menstruation.
  2. Never overburden her with any kind of competitions or studies.
  3. Avoid the use of unnecessary medicines.